[38][134] In a 1998 interview, Hungarian Ambassador Géza Jeszenszky was critical of Western inaction in 1956 and cited the influence of the UN at the time and gave the example of its intervention in Korea from 1950 to 1953. [104], Several other key events alarmed the Presidium and cemented the interventionists' position:[105][106], The militants arrived at the conclusion that "the Party is the incarnation of bureaucratic despotism" and that "socialism can develop only on the foundations of direct democracy". [131]), Responding to the plea by Nagy at the time of the second massive Soviet intervention on 4 November, the Security Council resolution critical of Soviet actions was vetoed by the Soviet Union, and instead, United Nations Security Council Resolution 120 was adopted to pass the matter onto the General Assembly, which, by a vote of 50 in favour, 8 against and 15 abstentions, called on the Soviet Union to end its Hungarian intervention, but the new Kádár government rejected UN observers. Learn about and revise the Hungarian uprising of 1956 with Bitesize GCSE History (CCEA). [68] Soviet units fought primarily in Budapest, but elsewhere, the countryside was largely quiet. [49] Angered by Gerő's hardline rejection, some demonstrators decided to carry out one of their demands, the removal of Stalin's 30-foot-high (9.1 m) bronze statue that was erected in 1951 on the site of a former church, which was demolished to make room for the monument. [188], The governments of Hungary and Romania refused entry to the officials of this committee, and the government of the Soviet Union did not respond to requests for information. [185] In a newspaper interview in 1957, Khrushchev commented "support by United States ... is rather in the nature of the support that the rope gives to a hanged man". -- Paul sigh*...we probably shouldn't use the T-word...might be "sensationalist"...otherwise I can … The workers' councils strove to manage the enterprise while protecting workers' interests, thus establishing a socialist economy free of rigid party control. [14][page needed], Although national income per capita rose in the first third of the 1950s, the standard of living fell. [146] Some rank-and-file Soviet soldiers reportedly believed they were being sent to East Berlin to fight German fascists. 10–13)", "Chapter I. E (Attempts to observe in Hungary and meet Imre Nagy), paragraphs 32–34 (p. 14)", "Chapter II. He was later expelled by the Communist Party. The Hungarian Revolution of 1956 (October 23 — November 10) was a spontaneous nationwide revolt against the totalitarian communist government of Hungary and its Soviet imposed policies. The failure of the Hungarian Revolution of 1956 and the plight of some 200,000 refugees leaving Hungary in its aftermath constituted an embarrassment for the government of the U.S., which had provided moral support to regime opponents through Radio Free Europe, but then failed to aid the rebels during the revolution. [201][202] The Hungarian team won the game 4–0 and later was awarded the Olympic gold medal. [52], During the night of 23 October, Hungarian Working People's Party Secretary Ernő Gerő requested Soviet military intervention "to suppress a demonstration that was reaching an ever greater and unprecedented scale". [87] Likewise, workers' councils were established at industrial plants and mines, and many unpopular regulations such as production norms were eliminated. [87], In total, there were approximately 2,100 local revolutionary and workers councils with over 28,000 members. [42], On 13 October 1956, a small group of 12 students from various faculties in Szeged, who met weekly for a game of bridge or other entertainment, decided to snub the official communist student union, the DISZ, by re-establishing the MEFESZ (Union of Hungarian University and Academy Students), a democratic student organization, previously banned under the Rákosi dictatorship. A student delegation, entering the radio building to try to broadcast the students' demands, was detained. [193][194], The Committee Report and the motives of its authors were criticised by the delegations to the United Nations from the Soviet Union and Kádár government. 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